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Showing Results For: Microcontrollers

Microcontrollers

A microcontroller is a compact integrated circuit constructed to complete a specific action in an embedded system. Typically, a microcontroller will include a processor, memory, and (I/O) peripherals on a single chip. Microcontrollers are also sometimes known as embedded controllers or microcontroller units. They are commonly found in vehicles, office machines, robots, mobile radios, medical devices, vending machines, transceivers, home appliances, etc. They are crucially miniature personal computers constructed to control small features of a more significant component without having a complex front-end operating system. Nowadays, you will find various microcontrollers with varying word lengths, such as 4 bit, 8bit, 64 bit, and 128bit microcontrollers.

How do Microcontrollers Work?

A microcontroller is usually embedded in a system to control one specific operation in a device. It accomplishes this by interpreting the data from the input/output peripherals using its central processor. The temporary information received by the microcontroller will be stored in its data memory. The processor can access it and utilize the instructions stored in its program memory to decipher and apply the incoming data. It then uses its input and output peripherals to communicate and enact suitable action.

Microcontrollers have been widely used in many devices and systems. Devices often use many microcontrollers that work together in a device to handle their specific tasks.

For example, a car might consist of many microcontrollers that help control various systems, like traction control, anti-lock braking system, fuel injection, etc. All of the microcontrollers will communicate with each other and perform suitable operations. Some of them will communicate with the more complicated central computer inside the car, while others might only communicate with the rest of the microcontrollers. They can send and receive data by using their input and output peripherals and then processing that data to perform the required tasks.

Basics of Microcontrollers

Usually, electric appliances that measure, store, display information, or calculate consist of a microcontroller. The basic structure of a microcontroller consists of:

CPU

CPU is known as the brain of microcontrollers. CPU is the kind of device used to gather data, decode it and then complete the required task at the end. With the help of the CPU, the microcontroller components can be connected to a system.

Memory

In a microcontroller, the memory chip works the same way as a microprocessor. All programs and data are stored in a memory chip. Microcontrollers are known to be built-in with specific RAM or ROM or flash memory to store program source codes.

Input/Output Ports

These ports operate different appliances like LCD LEDs, printers, etc.

Serial Ports

Serial ports interfere between microcontrollers and other peripherals, such as a parallel port.

Timers

You will find a built-in microcontroller counter or a timer as well. The timers and controllers are then responsible for controlling all the timing functions within the microcontroller.

ADC

The analog-digital converter is used to convert analog signals to digital. The digital signal that is produced can be used for different applications.

DAC

DAC is opposite in function to an ADC. This device is used to guide analog devices like DC motors.

Interpret control

This Gives delayed control for a working program. The interpret control can be both internal and external.

Special functioning block

Some unique microcontrollers are made for special appliances like robots, consisting of this particular functioning block.


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Infineon Technologies
CY95F634HNPMC-G-UNE2, Infineon Technologies
2498 In Stock
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1 +
£ 2.77
10 +
£ 2.49
25 +
£ 2.35
NXP Semiconductors
LPC54101J256UK49Z, NXP Semiconductors
2567 In Stock
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65 +
£ 4.07
NXP Semiconductors
MC908JK3ECDWE, NXP Semiconductors
22511 In Stock
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81 +
£ 3.25
Microchip Technology
PIC16F13114-E/P, Microchip Technology
85 In Stock
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Microchip Technology
PIC16F13123T-I/ST, Microchip Technology
7 In Stock
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Microchip Technology
PIC16F13124-I/P, Microchip Technology
11 In Stock
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Microchip Technology
PIC16F13125-E/P, Microchip Technology
16 In Stock
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Microchip Technology
PIC16F13125T-I/SL, Microchip Technology
22 In Stock
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Texas Instruments
MSPM0G1105TRGZR, Texas Instruments
102 In Stock
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£ 1.79
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£ 1.60
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£ 1.51
Texas Instruments
MSPM0G1505SRHBR, Texas Instruments
8 In Stock
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£ 1.64
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£ 1.47
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£ 1.39
Texas Instruments
MSPM0G3106SRHBR, Texas Instruments
11 In Stock
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£ 1.58
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£ 1.42
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£ 1.34
Texas Instruments
MSPM0G3505SRHBR, Texas Instruments
13 In Stock
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£ 1.70
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£ 1.53
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£ 1.44
Texas Instruments
F2800154QPHPRQ1, Texas Instruments
998 In Stock
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£ 2.71
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£ 2.43
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£ 2.30
Texas Instruments
F2800156QPMQ1, Texas Instruments
83 In Stock
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£ 3.75
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£ 3.37
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£ 3.19
Texas Instruments
F2800157SPHP, Texas Instruments
2338 In Stock
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£ 3.52
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£ 3.16
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£ 2.99
STMicroelectronics
STM32F722ZET7, STMicroelectronics
801 In Stock
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360 +
£ 10.21
STMicroelectronics
STM32F767VIT6TR, STMicroelectronics
2084 In Stock
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1000 +
£ 12.05
STMicroelectronics
STM32G051F8P3, STMicroelectronics
3048 In Stock
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1480 +
£ 1.48
STMicroelectronics
STM32G051F8P3TR, STMicroelectronics
5089 In Stock
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2500 +
£ 1.40
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£ 1.35
STMicroelectronics
STM32H725VGT6TR, STMicroelectronics
2005 In Stock
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1000 +
£ 7.11
STMicroelectronics
STM32H7A3VGT6TR, STMicroelectronics
2008 In Stock
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1000 +
£ 7.87
STMicroelectronics
STM32L412TBY3TR, STMicroelectronics
10009 In Stock
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5000 +
£ 2.28
STMicroelectronics
STM32U595VIT6Q, STMicroelectronics
1100 In Stock
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540 +
£ 9.04
STMicroelectronics
STM32U5A5AJH3, STMicroelectronics
5018 In Stock
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2496 +
£ 9.79
STMicroelectronics
STM32WBA54KGU6, STMicroelectronics
5914 In Stock
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2940 +
£ 3.43
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PSoC 5LP (ARM Cortex-M3 Core), Cypress The Cypress Semiconductor PSoC 5LP (Programmable Embedded System-on-Chip) incorporates configurable memory, microcontroller (MCU), analogue and digital peripherals all on one chip (IC). The PSoC 5LP platform architecture has a 32-bit ARM Cortex-M3 core along with direct memory access (DMA) controller and digital filter processor up to 80 MHz. Flexible routing Wide voltage range
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FAQs
We offer free shipping for orders over £200 if delivery is in the UK. All other orders in the UK, shipping from £7.99 depending on the weight and measurement. Mainland Europe shipping charges start from £25. For all other countries shipping charges start from £50 for products like Microcontrollers and all others.
You can email us directly at sales@enrgtech.co.uk or via our website for any queries regarding Microcontrollers or any other product.
This depends on the Microcontrollers individual product and information that can be found on our website.
Yes, we offer special discounts on orders above £200 for Microcontrollers and all other products.
UK orders normally take between 2/3 working days. International orders normally take between 3/5 working days for all products including Microcontrollers.
Yes. We keep updating our stock frequently and if a product like Microcontrollers is not in stock then we will let you know.