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Showing Results For: Microcontrollers

Microcontrollers

A microcontroller is a compact integrated circuit constructed to complete a specific action in an embedded system. Typically, a microcontroller will include a processor, memory, and (I/O) peripherals on a single chip. Microcontrollers are also sometimes known as embedded controllers or microcontroller units. They are commonly found in vehicles, office machines, robots, mobile radios, medical devices, vending machines, transceivers, home appliances, etc. They are crucially miniature personal comp...

A microcontroller is a compact integrated circuit constructed to complete a specific action in an embedded system. Typically, a microcontroller will include a processor, memory, and (I/O) peripherals on a single chip. Microcontrollers are also sometimes known as embedded controllers or microcontroller units. They are commonly found in vehicles, office machines, robots, mobile radios, medical devices, vending machines, transceivers, home appliances, etc. They are crucially miniature personal computers constructed to control small features of a more significant component without having a complex front-end operating system. Nowadays, you will find various microcontrollers with varying word lengths, such as 4 bit, 8bit, 64 bit, and 128bit microcontrollers.

How do Microcontrollers Work?

A microcontroller is usually embedded in a system to control one specific operation in a device. It accomplishes this by interpreting the data from the input/output peripherals using its central processor. The temporary information received by the microcontroller will be stored in its data memory. The processor can access it and utilize the instructions stored in its program memory to decipher and apply the incoming data. It then uses its input and output peripherals to communicate and enact suitable action.

Microcontrollers have been widely used in many devices and systems. Devices often use many microcontrollers that work together in a device to handle their specific tasks.

For example, a car might consist of many microcontrollers that help control various systems, like traction control, anti-lock braking system, fuel injection, etc. All of the microcontrollers will communicate with each other and perform suitable operations. Some of them will communicate with the more complicated central computer inside the car, while others might only communicate with the rest of the microcontrollers. They can send and receive data by using their input and output peripherals and then processing that data to perform the required tasks.

Basics of Microcontrollers

Usually, electric appliances that measure, store, display information, or calculate consist of a microcontroller. The basic structure of a microcontroller consists of:

CPU

CPU is known as the brain of microcontrollers. CPU is the kind of device used to gather data, decode it and then complete the required task at the end. With the help of the CPU, the microcontroller components can be connected to a system.

Memory

In a microcontroller, the memory chip works the same way as a microprocessor. All programs and data are stored in a memory chip. Microcontrollers are known to be built-in with specific RAM or ROM or flash memory to store program source codes.

Input/Output Ports

These ports operate different appliances like LCD LEDs, printers, etc.

Serial Ports

Serial ports interfere between microcontrollers and other peripherals, such as a parallel port.

Timers

You will find a built-in microcontroller counter or a timer as well. The timers and controllers are then responsible for controlling all the timing functions within the microcontroller.

ADC

The analog-digital converter is used to convert analog signals to digital. The digital signal that is produced can be used for different applications.

DAC

DAC is opposite in function to an ADC. This device is used to guide analog devices like DC motors.

Interpret control

This Gives delayed control for a working program. The interpret control can be both internal and external.

Special functioning block

Some unique microcontrollers are made for special appliances like robots, consisting of this particular functioning block.


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PIC16F720/721 8-Bit Flash Microcontrollers The PIC16F range of microcontrollers from Microchip are 8-bit MCUs that incorporate Microchip’s PIC® architecture into a variety of pin and package options, from space efficient 14-pin devices to feature-rich 64-pin devices. Devices with Baseline, Mid-Range or Enhanced Mid-Range architecture are available with numerous different peripheral combinations, giving designers flexibility and choice for their applications. The PIC16F720/721 family of microcontrollers is based upon Microchip’s Mid-range core with an 8 level deep hardware stack and 35 instructions. These MCUs provide up to 4 MIPS, up to 7 Kbytes program memory and up to 256 bytes RAM. On board is an oscillator factory calibrated to ±1% accuracy. Microcontroller Features 16 MHz Max. CPU Speed 35 Instructions 8 Level Hardware Stack 18 I/O Pins Power-On Reset (POR) Power-Up Timer (PWRT) Brown-Out Reset (BOR) Watchdog Timer (WDT) In-Circuit Serial Programming (ICSP) In-Circuit Debug (ICD) Peripherals 12 Channel 8-bit Analogue to Digital Converter (ADC) Capture, Compare, PWM Module Two 8-bit Timers One 16-bit Timer Addressable Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
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ARM7 Family Microcontrollers, NXP A range of NXP microcontrollers based on a 16/32-bit ARM7TDMI-S CPU with real-time emulation and embedded trace support, that combine the microcontroller with 32 kB, 64 kB, 128 kB, 256 kB and 512 kB of embedded high-speed flash memory. A 128-bit wide memory interface and a unique accelerator architecture enable 32-bit code execution at maximum clock rate. High integration and low power consumption wide range of serial communications interfaces and on-chip SRAM options Alternative 16-bit Thumb-mode reduces code by more than 30 % with minimal performance penalty 32 bit timers, PWM channels and up to 47 GPIO lines Ideally suited to industrial control and medical systems
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Renesas Electronics
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R8C/3x Series 16-Bit Microcontrollers, Renesas Electronics The R8C/3x Series offers high performance and ease of use microcontrollers. Maximum operating frequency 20MHz Operating voltage range 1.8V to 5.5V Built-in features provide more powerful support for advanced system development, such as a DTC (Data Transfer Controller) and data flash with BGO (Back-Ground Operation) function R8C Family Microcontrollers, Renesas Electronics The Renesas 16-bit CISC microcontrollers of the R8C Family features high ROM code efficiency, superb noise performance, low power consumption and a high processing performance. This includes the advantage of abundant on-chip peripherals such as comprehensive timer functions and various serial communication functions. The R8C Family also retains compatibility with the M16C Family, so software resources and development tools can be shared. Renesas R8C Family supports a wide range of application fields like Automotive, Consumer Products, Office Equipment and Industrial Equipment.
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Renesas Electronics
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R8C/Lx Series 16-Bit Microcontrollers, Renesas Electronics The R8C/Lx Series of microcontrollers have built-in LCD drive control circuits, that can support a variety of LCD panel devices. Maximum operating frequency is 20MHz. R8C Family Microcontrollers, Renesas Electronics The Renesas 16-bit CISC microcontrollers of the R8C Family features high ROM code efficiency, superb noise performance, low power consumption and a high processing performance. This includes the advantage of abundant on-chip peripherals such as comprehensive timer functions and various serial communication functions. The R8C Family also retains compatibility with the M16C Family, so software resources and development tools can be shared. Renesas R8C Family supports a wide range of application fields like Automotive, Consumer Products, Office Equipment and Industrial Equipment.
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PIC16F722A/723A 8-Bit Flash Microcontrollers The PIC16F range of microcontrollers from Microchip are 8-bit MCUs that incorporate Microchip’s PIC® architecture into a variety of pin and package options, from space efficient 14-pin devices to feature-rich 64-pin devices. Devices with Baseline, Mid-Range or Enhanced Mid-Range architecture are available with numerous different peripheral combinations, giving designers flexibility and choice for their applications. The PIC16F722A/723A family of microcontrollers is based upon Microchip’s Mid-range core with an 8 level deep hardware stack and 35 instructions. These MCUs provide up to 5 MIPS, up to 7 Kbytes program memory and up to 192 bytes RAM. On board is an oscillator factory calibrated to ±1% accuracy. Microcontroller Features 20 MHz Max. CPU Speed 35 Instructions 8 Level Hardware Stack 25 I/O Pins nanoWatt XLP Technology Power-On Reset (POR) Power-Up Timer (PWRT) Brown-Out Reset (BOR) Watchdog Timer (WDT) In-Circuit Serial Programming (ICSP) In-Circuit Debug (ICD) Peripherals 11 Channel 8-bit Analogue to Digital Converter (ADC) 8 Channel mTouchTM Sensing Oscillator Module Two Capture, Compare, PWM (CCP) Modules Two 8-bit Timers One 16-bit Timer Addressable Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (AUSART) Synchronous Serial Port (SSP) with SPI and I2C
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32-Bit AVR UC3 Microcontrollers AVR32 is a high-performance 32-bit RISC microprocessor core, designed for cost-sensitive embedded applications, with particular emphasis on low power consumption, high code density and high performance. The processor implements a Memory Protection Unit (MPU) and a fast and flexible interrupt controller for supporting modern operating systems and real-time operating systems. Higher computation capabilities are achievable using a rich set of DSP instructions. To fully exploit the power of a 32-bit architecture, the AVR32 is not binary compatible with earlier AVR architectures. In order to achieve high code density, the instruction format is flexible providing both compact 16-bit and extended 32-bit instructions. While most instructions are 16-bit, powerful 32-bit instructions are implemented to further increase performance. Compact and extended instructions can be freely mixed in the instruction stream.
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PIC16F1824/1828 8-Bit Flash Microcontrollers The PIC16F range of Microcontrollers from Microchip are 8-bit MCUs that incorporate Microchip’s PIC® architecture into a variety of pin and package options, from space efficient 14-pin devices to feature-rich 64-pin devices. Devices with Baseline, Mid-Range or Enhanced Mid-Range architecture are available with numerous different peripheral combinations, giving designers flexibility and choice for their applications. The PIC16F1824/1828 family of microcontrollers is based upon Microchip’s enhanced mid-range core with a 16 level deep hardware stack and 49 instructions. These MCUs provide up to 8 MIPS, 7 Kbytes program memory, 256 bytes RAM and Data EEPROM of 256 bytes. On board is a configurable oscillator with ±1% accuracy. Microcontroller Features 32 MHz Max. CPU Speed 49 Instructions 16 Level Hardware Stack 32 MHz Internal Oscillator – Selectable Frequency Range 32 MHz to 31 kHz 12 I/O Pins – PIC16F1824 18 I/O Pins – PIC16F1828 XLP Technology Power-On Reset (POR) Power-Up Timer (PWRT) Oscillator Start-Up Timer (OST) Brown-Out Reset (BOR) Extended Watchdog Timer (WDT) Enhanced Low-Voltage Programming (LVP) In-Circuit Serial Programming (ICSP) In-Circuit Debug (ICD) Peripherals 10-bit Analogue to Digital Converter (ADC) – PIC16F1824 8 Channels, PIC16F1828 12 Channels mTouch TM Capacitive Sensor Module – PIC16F1824 8 Channels, PIC16F1828 12 Channels Two Capture/Compare/PWM (CCP) Modules Two Enhanced Capture/Compare/PWM (ECCP) Modules Two Comparators Four 8-bit Timers One 16-bit Timer Master Synchronous Serial Port (MSSP) with SPI and I2C Enhanced Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (EUSART) Fixed Voltage Reference (FVR) SR Latch
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PIC16F1826/1827 8-Bit Flash Microcontrollers The PIC16F range of microcontrollers from Microchip are 8-bit MCUs that incorporate Microchip’s PIC® architecture into a variety of pin and package options, from space efficient 14-pin devices to feature-rich 64-pin devices. Devices with Baseline, Mid-Range or Enhanced Mid-Range architecture are available with numerous different peripheral combinations, giving designers flexibility and choice for their applications. The PIC16F1826/1827 family of microcontrollers is based upon Microchip’s enhanced mid-range core with a 16 level deep hardware stack and 49 instructions. These MCUs provide up to 8 MIPS, up to 7 Kbytes program memory, up to 384 bytes RAM and Data EEPROM of 256 bytes. On board is a configurable oscillator with ±1% accuracy. Microcontroller Features 32 MHz Max. CPU Speed 49 Instructions 16 Level Hardware Stack 32 MHz Internal Oscillator – Selectable Frequency Range 32 MHz to 31 kHz 16 I/O Pins nanoWatt XLP Technology Power-On Reset (POR) Power-Up Timer (PWRT) Oscillator Start-Up Timer (OST) Brown-Out Reset (BOR) Extended Watchdog Timer (WDT) Enhanced Low-Voltage Programming (LVP) In-Circuit Serial Programming (ICSP) In-Circuit Debug (ICD) Peripherals 12 Channel 10-bit Analogue to Digital Converter (ADC) 12 Channel mTouchTM Capacitive Sensor Module Two Capture/Compare/PWM (CCP) Modules – PIC16F1827 Only Enhanced Capture/Compare/PWM (ECCP) Modules – PIC16F1826 x 1, PIC16F1827 x 2 Two Comparators 8-bit Timers – PIC16F1826 x 2, PIC16F1827 x 4 One 16-bit Timer Master Synchronous Serial Port (MSSP) with SPI and I2C – PIC16F1826 x 1, PIC16F1827 x 2 Enhanced Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (EUSART) Fixed Voltage Reference (FVR) Data Signal Modulator Module SR Latch Sorry Your request could not be completed at this time
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PIC24HJxxxGPx02/x04 16-Bit Microcontrollers PIC24 Microcontrollers
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PIC18F6390/6490/8390/8490 8-Bit Flash Microcontrollers
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PIC18F6xJ90/8xJ90 8-Bit Flash Microcontrollers
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FAQs

We offer free shipping for orders over £200 if delivery is in the UK. All other orders in the UK, shipping from £7.99 depending on the weight and measurement. Mainland Europe shipping charges start from £25. For all other countries shipping charges start from £50 for products like Microcontrollers and all others.

You can email us directly at sales@enrgtech.co.uk or via our website for any queries regarding Microcontrollers or any other product.

This depends on the Microcontrollers individual product and information that can be found on our website.

Yes, we offer special discounts on orders above £200 for Microcontrollers and all other products.

UK orders normally take between 2/3 working days. International orders normally take between 3/5 working days for all products including Microcontrollers.

Yes. We keep updating our stock frequently and if a product like Microcontrollers is not in stock then we will let you know.